What is Zomacton? Is it safe? Is it effective? To find out essential details about the drug, continue reading this post.
What is Zomacton?
Zomacton (Somatropin) is an injectable synthetic growth hormone, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or FDA, used to treat both children and adults who have a deficiency in growth hormone.
Growth hormone is essential to the body’s growth and development, especially in growing children. It is produced at the pituitary gland and released to the blood and transported throughout the body. It activates the cellular functions for:
- Muscle and bone growth and development.
- Muscle and other tissue repairs.
When the Zomacton is administered, the synthetic growth hormone binds to the cells in the body, where the naturally produced growth hormone normally binds.
Zomacton imitates the action of the growth hormone, where it stimulates varieties of cellular activities, involving the body’s growth and development. The growth hormone targets the following actions in the body:
- It mediates fat and glucose metabolism.
- It regulates the proteins that help speed up skin and muscle tissue growth.
- It stimulates bone growth in children.
Who can use Zomacton?
Not everyone can use Zomacton; it is recommended to individuals with growth hormone deficiencies, as well as the following patients:
- Patients with Turner syndrome – a syndrome that affects girls, where there is a slow developmental issue, delayed puberty, infertility, or reduced fertility.
- Patients with SHOX deficiency or Short Stature Homeobox – a genetic condition where the X and Y chromosome mutation results in developmental issues. SHOX affects both boys and girls.
- Patients who were born small for gestational age or SGA.
Patients with idiopathic short stature – shorter than the expected age without known reasons.
Growth deficiency in adults is often a result of disease, organ damage, and or the removal of the pituitary gland where the growth hormone is produced.
Can you use it without a prescription?
The Zomacton is not medically recommended for any off-label use on conditions without a confirmed medical diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency.
Although Zomacton is safe to use, some people have allergies to somatropin (generic name of Zomacton). And because somatropin targets the growth and metabolism, it may have a huge impact on several health conditions, causing severe health problems.
So, before considering using Zomacton, you need to consult your doctor whether Zomacton is good for you or not.
Dosage and administration
Zomacton is an injectable medication. It is injected subcutaneously either at the upper arm, abdomen, buttocks, or thigh. When administering Zomacton, you need to follow a rotating schedule to prevent issues of soreness and tenderness.
Zomacton can be self-administered or by someone who does not have any medical license as long as he or she knows how to properly use Zomacton or as instructed by the physician.
When it comes to the dosage, your doctor will provide you the right dose. The dose of Zomacton on children is different from the adult’s. Children are prescribed with dose following the child’s weight. Adults, on the other hand, are often a standardized dosage.
Are there known risks?
Like other medications, Zomacton has side-effects too. Thus, you need to discuss your health condition with your physician thoroughly.
Generally, some patients would experience the following symptoms:
- Inflammation of the throat
- URI or upper respiratory infection
- Ear Infection
- Increase in blood sugar
- Muscle or joint pains
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
For severe side effects:
- Shortness of breath
- Tightening of the chest
- Swelling of the brain
- Hip dislocation on children
If in case you experience any of the mentioned side-effects, you need to consult your doctor.